Organisation: Nexo Jornal (Brazil)
Publication Date: 04/08/2018
DescriptionApura Domínio ("Investigate Domain") is a site that gathers useful public data to investigate fake news outlets. With one click, users can find the domain's ownership, registration date, whether it has SSL certificate and the most important Facebook pages and Twitter profiles responsible for spreading the site's content. The project is aimed at journalists and researchers interested in investigating the production of fake news on the world wide web. One of the facets of the current fake news problem is the creation of websites that mimic professional journalism outlets and systematically publish incorrect and/or misleading information, especially on political issues. These sites often spread the content through one or more Facebook pages and Twitter profiles. Our team's research shows that accounts on social networks often do not have the same name as the sites whose news they reproduce. This makes it difficult to discover these misinformation networks. Journalists and Internet researchers are important actors in unmasking these false information networks to the public, revealing the political interests of those who publish them. In March of 2018, O Globo newspaper, together with the Federal University of Espírito Santo, published a report of great repercussion that revealed a network of sites and accounts in social networks that spread false news on the murder of the Rio de Janeiro's councilwoman Marielle Franco (https://oglobo.globo.com/rio/como-ganhou-corpo-onda-de-fake-news-sobre-marielle-franco-22518202). In 2017, Folha de S.Paulo also did an important job in finding the headquarters of a network of fake news sites in the interior of Minas Gerais state and explain how these outlets are financially supported (http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/ilustrissima/2017/02/1859808-como-funciona-a-engrenagem-das-noticias-falsas-no-brasil.shtml). Our goal with "Apura Domínio" is that these investigations become more common and accessible to Brazilian reporters, including those who do not have the technical skills to obtain and interpret the technical information of a domain on the internet.
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