Coca and peace

Coca and peace

Organisation: El Tiempo Colombia (Colombia)

Publication Date: 04/07/2017

Description

Coca and peace are unbreakables in Colombia. On coca production regions, peasants say "without coca, there is no peace possible". Coca & Peace is an investigative report developed by El Tiempo Data Unit. This investigation was born months before the peace agreement were signed. El Tiempo Data Unit decided to inquire what was behind Government Counsellor for Peace’ affirmation: “With coca, there is no peace”. What is the reason? One of the biggest peace process’s problems was the coca production surges along the country, included the territory influenced by Farc guerrilla. People in Colombia believes that those territories that Farc guerrilla leaves will be occupied by others armed actors whose will take advantage of the illegal business, and coca production. This investigative report is divided into five chapters series in order to explore the complex coca’s supply chain in Colombia. We extracted, compiled, analyzed and visualized data from SIMCI report (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Crop monitoring System). We gathered and standardized data since 1999 to 2015 and explained them in three main categories: Coca cultivation, coca eradication efforts, and crop substitutions. Data were visualized by coca crop density indicator (ha/km2), control grow's actions, coca crops increase versus control actions, and families benefited by Government coca crops' substitution programs versus coca crops' increase. Additionally, a component was introduced to explain why Government plans to decrease coca crops were not effective and what would be the possibles scenarios to solve the problem through a predictive analysis with experts. During the reporting, we traveled to deep Colombia hit by war. After data analysis, we selected four different regions to visit and we spoke to peasants who grow coca there. We made four videos in: Nariño: The region with the highest coca crop density in the country. Only this region has more coca crops cultivated than whole Bolivia country. Cordoba: The region with the highest coca leaf's price in the country. Briceño: The region where Government has the pilot coca crop substitution program with the guerrilla. Catatumbo: The region when coca is the queen and all armed actors live without problems because of it. Finally, this report introduced an exercise that we denominated “Disruptive Journalism” showed at the five chapter, there we explain the phenomenon consequences and impact on the kids in the region, the most vulnerable population.

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